Wednesday, June 4, 2014

Indian Home Ministry is contemplating new alternatives to prevent fraudulence of SIM card activation and misuse. Mandatory physical verification has failed big time as retailers hardly do that nowadays due to competition among mobile subscribers. Home ministry in its note to DoT (Department of Telecom) stated to explore new alternatives such as biometric feature of subscriber like fingerprints for activation of SIMs. It should be made compulsory to all subscribers.

The ministry, in its note to the DoT, suggested that the department may also maintain a central database comprising biometric features of all subscribers and opt for linking it with the National Intelligence Grid ( NATGRID) for keeping those data at one place from national security point of view. An official said the department would discuss the matter with all stakeholders including telecom service providers for devising an alternative system as it was noted that the existing ones (physical verification) was not happening in all cases due to sheer competition among retailers to sell as many SIM cars as possible. 

Though the system of issuing SIM cards was tightened a bit after 26\11 Mumbai terror attack when investigators found that the Lashkar-e-Taiba ( LeT) terrorists had used Indian SIM cards which were procured by their local contacts on the basis of forged documents, it did not prevent its misuse. The DoT had last year made it mandatory for a mobile service provider to physically verify an applicant before issuing a SIM card. But, the state police from across the country complained how the retailers give it a miss despite repeated warnings because they did not face strict action from the service providers. "The issue was discussed even during the chief ministers' conference on internal security here last month when it was pointed out that how SIM cards were being procured by terrorists\criminals on the basis of forged documents in absence of retailers' and distributors' failure to adhere to the mandatory norms of physical verification," said an official. The matter was recently also raised by the Delhi Police Commissioner Neeraj Kumar, who on May 15 wrote to the home ministry, pitching for introducing a system of getting biometric details of subscribers before issuing SIM cards to them. Kumar had reportedly complained that the cut-throat competition among the mobile service providers had led to laxity in carrying out the prescribed physical verification of an applicant. He pointed out that the distributors were making bulk sale of SIM cards to criminals which have serious implications for national security. Citing a recent case in which the police had caught an unauthorized retailer who had sold 490 SIM cards on the basis of forged IDs, the commissioner had pointed that no worthwhile verification was being made due to illegal nexus of distributors and employees of the service providers. Kumar also suggested that the DoT and TRAI should be requested to impose heavy penalties and exercise stricter control. At present, pre-activated SIM cards attract a penalty of Rs 50,000 each in addition to an immediate disconnection of the mobile service. 


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